The Story of Man (continued)
Ramses III (1187-1186 - 1156/1155 BC)
was the second Pharaoh of the 20th dynasty, and he is considered to be
the last Egyptian ruler to have substantial power. He was known to the
Greeks as Rhampsinitus. He is well known for continuing the
struggle against the Sea Peoples who would eventually terminate the
20th dynasty. Papyrus records also record a conspiracy that may
or may not have been successful.(9)
His mummy bears no signs of trauma. Although he is credited in the book
The Story of Man as the "persecutor of the Israelites" there is no
solid evidence this was the case. The mines at Timna in Israel
apparently begun during his reign.
||Figure 8 (from p. 233). The mummy of Rameses III is regarded as the
prototype for mummies that appear in films. It is interesting to note
that the mummy had an amulet to guard against poison, suggesting that
this ruler still did not trust his subjects. A palace conspiracy,
including his food taster, was uncovered earlier in his reign.
|Figure 9. One of the few color plates in the book is this one, which
paints a rather grim decline of Eygpt from a heyday of power to snake
charmers in the street.
For a general discussion see Clayton, P.A. (1994). Chronicle of the Pharaohs. Thames and Hudson: London